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2012

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The Symposium for Reform and Development of China Philanthropy Sector was held in Beijing on 6th Sep 2012. This symposium was organized by the China Economic and Social Council and hosted by the People’s Political Consultative Conference Report. Mr. Huang Haoming and Mr. Shi Zhongcheng were invited to attend this symposium, Mr. Huang Haoming presented a speech with the title “Using successful international experiences to develop China’s philanthropy sector”. Now the full speech is available and published below.
The Symposium for Reform and Development of China Philanthropy Sector, Subject II
Using successful international experiences to develop China’s philanthropy sector
 
      
Director of the Executive Board of CESC, Vice Chairman and Executive Director of CANGO    Mr. Huang Haoming
 
I speak here about the concept of charity with a focus on public welfare, it is also called social welfare in the academia. I want to talk about five aspects:

 
  1. The international experience of philanthropy development
According to international experience, philanthropy development contains six main aspects: firstly, charity initially belongs to humanitarian aid and later turned into development assistance. It is not only about to giving alms, but more importantly it is to let the beneficiary become self-reliance and encourage personal development. Secondly, the rise of environment and sustainable development organizations. Secondly, new kinds of environmental organizations are developing, due to the environmental problems which are related to everyone. Thirdly, privately-owned foundations are growing fast, international large-size foundations are becoming more and more influential in the international community and have become to an ever more important subject in the development process of the international philanthropy sector. Fourthly, professional consulting institutions have appeared, philanthropy is becoming a business with modern and professional operations. Fifthly, the ‘self-discipline organizations’ are growing in the philanthropy sector. Finally, charity has been reformed towards the direction of modern charity. This means it’s about more than giving donations, more important are the social values and the contribution to society at a spiritual level.
  1. International philanthropy development in China
The international philanthropy development process in China can be divided into three stages: the first stage from 1984 to 1994 during which the main task was to engage in the poverty alleviation and development. Most of the tasks were jointly carried out with government with only some tasks in cooperation with public organizations and research institutions of mainland China. The Second stage began with the 4th World Conference on Women held in Beijing in 1995 and ended in 2003. In this period, many international philanthropy organizations registered in Hong Kong and then developed charity projects in China. Only in 2004 the foundation registration method in mainland China was published. The most important task in this stage were the introduction of development assistance models, such as micro credits and participatory poverty alleviation. From 2003 to present, a large number of philanthropy organizations have become aware that china is no longer a low-income country and assistance has been reduced. In this third stage, an enthusiastic domestic charity sector research community has been formed and many new organizations were established. More voices from Chinese NGOs are being heard at international conferences.
  1. The relationship of development between international philanthropy and China social organization
   The role and function of international philanthropic organizations in China, especially in relation to development of China’s social organizations, can be summarized in five main points: firstly, the international philanthropy organizations promote China’s international cooperation and provide a new development model for China. Secondly, they introduced advanced experiences of international charity project management, and this is a very important aspect for us. Thirdly, a group of non-government professional charity organizations have been trained. Fourthly, many professionals have been trained and cooperated with non-political organizations. And fifthly, many traditional concepts were changed during cultural exchanges. The communication with the international philanthropy organization promoted the standardized management of China NGOs, especially changes of management structure, open and transparent administration, and a more effective accountability system.
  1. Model Research on development of the philanthropy sector
In my opinion model research of international organizations in China should be analyzed from the following aspects: motivation, the purpose of international philanthropy organizations coming to China, restricting factors for public service projects to be carried out in China, cooperation models and the present situation of registration. The motivating factors are multiple, including concepts and value system, institutional innovation, charity funds resources, introduction of international philanthropy management experience, strategic alliance of international philanthropy and demand of international philanthropy and NGOs. The purpose of coming to China contains three main elements: poverty, China’s environmental problems, and globalization of economy and culture.
Many restraining factors occurred when international philanthropy organizations work in China. For example, they suffer from lack of legitimacy as registration been prohibited. Platforms to communicate with government are insufficient. No relevant support from policy, finance and personnel when they develop a public project. In addition, there is a difference of culture and concept of advocacy between China and other countries.
There have generally been three models for cooperation with international philanthropy organizations in China: direct project execution, authorized implementation and cooperation models. So far, only 26 overseas foundations have been allowed to register in mainland China at present, this is far below of what our development demands.
  1. Strategic thinking for China’s philanthropy sector development
For developing China’s philanthropy sector, I think that the following strategies should be considered: we need establish a better communication platform and mechanism with international philanthropy organizations, only through effective communication can we keep learning. The Government should establish a law and policy framework for admittance of international philanthropy organizations, having a unified rule is important for international organizations, they should not work below the official lines. International philanthropy organizations should be classified and the Chinese government should welcome charity organizations the same way as international business. We need to give support or advantages to help those organizations which are developing charitable projects in China. But any international organization which wants to threaten national security or instigating “peaceful evolution”, those should be prohibited without exception. This is our principle. We need to train a group of domestic charity organizations. They can join and cooperate with international philanthropy organizations, because you cannot learn anything if you seal yourself off. We will enhance the research on policy, systems and methods of international philanthropy, and make use of international philanthropy for our own purpose. China philanthropy will move to the international arena and carry out international aid work; we need to be ready for this move.
       Finally, I want to stress that China philanthropy sector has large development opportunities in the future. The key elements include: establishment of rules and regulations; open and transparent administration; government classification management; transparent management of philanthropy; building professional operations and playing a key role in international cooperation. We also need to use the advanced concept of charity with our own situation and promote reform and developing China philanthropy sector.
       Thank you